What is a Barbarian ? A Study of Hector in the Homeric Scholia to the Iliad
The Homeric scholia to the Iliad are a corpus of commentaries found in the marginalia of the manuscripts of the poem, and, for the most part, they are the last remains of the work elaborated in the library of Alexandria. For my thesis, I am working on the characters of Achilles and Hector in these scholia and, during my stay in Stanford, I intend to focus on the question of Hector’s barbarian identity. The scholia convey the idea of a binary world where Greeks are fundamentally different from non-Greek populations, who are considered barbarians. But this vision is nuanced when it comes to the study of one character and their complexity. I would like to analyze the tension between both perspectives: the apprehension of the Trojans as a coherent group of barbarians and the analysis of Hector as a complex individual character in the scholia. I will organize a workshop on the barbarian identity of the Trojans and its impact on the portrayal of Hector. This workshop will propose another way to elaborate an original perspective on Hector, barbary and the perception of difference, by using a rich and original corpus.