Plasmas, or ionized gases, are key to many modern applications and are used, for example, in the production of thin films, space propulsion, wound sterilization in medicine, and environmental depollution.
Collaborative Research Projects
Terrorist events in the name of radical religious doctrines have occurred worldwide. While scholars have carefully investigated engagement in terrorism and violence at the macro scale, there is still little research approaching policy treatments at the micro level despite the fact that many localized inclusion efforts have been developed. This project, a collaboration between two French institutions (the Université d’Artois and the research laboratory LEM-CNRS) and Stanford University, seeks to assess the success of one of these policy treatments.
Over 30 million patients require a major surgery annually in the US alone and more than half of these patients are elderly (> 60 years old). Memory impairment (Post-Operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD)) is a serious complication after surgery that affects up to 41% of elderly patients and is associated with higher mortality and risk of dementia. However, our understanding of the pathophysiology of POCD is limited and there is currently no therapy to prevent or treat this cognitive disorder.
This project confronts a collection of untapped sources about Renaissance feasting. Focusing on a banquet that took place in Tours, France in 1457, we want to deepen our understanding of Renaissance cooking techniques while investigating how food and feasting intersected with diplomacy, politics, music, dance, art, theater, religion, science, and medicine. Our focus is a fifteenth-century banquet whose source material is unusually extensive and strangely understudied.
Fractured rocks play central role in a wide variety of environmental fields including hydrogeology, geothermal energy, hydrocarbon extraction, and long-term storage of toxic waste. In these and other applications, the presence of fractures has dramatic consequences because they form highly permeable structures that can both help to extract the resource and lead to a faster and further migration of subsurface pollutants.
Mine wastes are of tremendous environmental concern because of their high concentrations in radioactive and toxic elements and persistence in groundwater. Despite attempted surface remediation of contaminated sites, extensive contamination remains in sediments and groundwater in France and the U.S. Little is known about the chemical stability of uranium and other toxic metals in these contaminated materials. Moreover, remediation strategies are lacking.