Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has an estimated incidence of 1:68 in the United States and is among the most common and pervasive neurodevelopmental disorders. Difficulties in face processing, one central component of social behaviors, have been identified as a characteristic behavioral phenotype of ASD. Unfortunately, the cognitive and brain sources of this difficulty remain largely unclear, especially in children. Therefore, my proposed research focuses on understanding the abnormalities in the brains of children with ASD and their relationship with social deficits.
During ancient times, major trade flows spread from the Mediterranean Sea to Northern Europe through the Rhone valley (France). These trade flows participated in the economic growth and development of the territories. Today, there are still many unknowns about their distribution and their impact. The objectives of my work are: 1/ To provide a better understanding of these flows by creating distribution maps of the traded goods. 2/ To assess the impact these flows had on the development of the neighboring territories.
The adoption of agriculture and animal husbandry 11,000 years ago altered not only economic activities, but also the social and ritual practices that governed human interactions. These changes are best reflected in mortuary practices. At Neolithic Çatalhöyük, human remains, including tightly flexed complete skeletons, partial skeletons and loose bones, are typically found under house floors.
Health systems in developing countries are confronted with the coexistence of undernutrition along with chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, while greater exposure to globalization shapes diets and health choices. This project examines the effects of international trade in foods on nutrition and health in poor and emerging economies. By altering relative prices and income, trade integration can impact the economic incentives behind dietary choices.
Perceptual experience is a neglected question in the rapidly expanding field of brainmachine interface technology. This project proceeds from the assumption that the theory and methods of social studies of science and the neurosciences can inform one another with regard to their mutual interest in the processes of embodiment.
Anthropological research has shown that people suffering with psychotic disorders tend to pay selective attention to their auditory hallucinations according to their sociocultural background: their experience of psychosis is shaped by their social environment, a phenomenon which also impacts the evolution of this mental disorder. In my postdoctoral research, I will look at “the Subjective Experience of Psychosis in New Caledonia” so as to explore the ways in which persons with psychotic disorders experience auditory hallucinations in New Caledonia.
In March 1981, Carlos La Sombra, a prisoner at the Federal prison in San Juan, was killed by other inmates. His death marked the beginning of Los Ñetas, alias La Asociación, a prison-based group fighting against inhumane conditions in the prison system and promoting the independence of the Island. However, in the 1990’s, following different waves of immigration, the group circulated and developed as a street-gang in New York (US), Guayaquil (Ecuador) and Barcelona (Spain).
In my project, I study the modes of production of agronomic knowledge within research programs that were established by the U.S. philanthropic foundations in the Global South during the second half of the 20th century. These programs financially and technically supported by the Rockefeller Foundation with the involvement of experts from the U.S.
In this project I seek to further analyze the impact of immigration and the recent refugee crisis on voting behavior, public spending and general economic well-being in Europe. The main aim is to analyze the repercussions of the recent refugee crisis and to see their impacts in terms of size, duration and heterogeneity of immigration. Therefore it is key to understand the locational choice of immigrants, i.e. where they move, versus where they would be best located, i.e. where they should move.
My project aims at studying how work is allocated among members of Parliament (MPs) in France. Who discuss and make economic and fiscal policies among MPs? Economics is a traditionally male-oriented field where women are under-represented both as students and faculty members. Does this under-representation of women in economic-related topics extend to the political realm? Although the quantitative representation of women in the French Parliament recently improved, this does not say much about the actual allocation of legislative work across gender.